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Top Stories

  • Indulge In Zumba Dance To Stay Emotionally Fit

    02.12.2017 | Feeling drained out emotionally? Engage in Zumba dancing for five weeks as it may not only help you stay physically fit but also improve mental health and quality of life, a study has shown.Zumba is an exercise fitness programme which involves dance and aerobic movements performed to energetic music.The choreography incorporates hip-hop, soca, samba, salsa, merengue, and mambo. Squats and lunges are also included.In the study, published in the Health Education Journal, people with sedentary lifestyle participated in the five-week exercise programme based on the Zumba Fitness discipline. Zumba helped them improve their quality of life, especially the emotional aspect, which was recorded as the least in these participants. Quality of life is a broad concept comprising various aspects and is divided into eight dimensions: social, emotional, physical state, physical pain, physical functioning, vitality, mental health and general health."It is interesting to note that the emotional dimension, which was the one with the lowest values at the beginning, was the one with the highest values at the end of the exercise programme"Therefore, the one that experienced the greatest improvement," said lead researcher Yaira Barranco Ruiz, from the University of Granada (UGR) in Spain.Moreover, even two months after the intervention ended, most of the dimensions continued to maintain levels above those recorded at the beginning of the programme, the researchers said.

  • Infants Start Understanding Words at 6 Months: Study

    21.11.2017 | New parents must be having difficulty in handling the wails and tantrums of their babies at any hour of the day. But do you know that your baby has a proper understanding of what you want to convey?Despite the fact that the babies are unable to speak up themselves through words, six to nine-month-old babies posses an avid knowledge of your language, especially of food and body parts, reveals a new finding.The study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, stated that the babies can recognise more similar words like 'car and stroller' and the difference between less similar words like 'car and juices'."Even in the very early stages of comprehension, babies seem to know something about how words relate to each other," said Elika Bergelson, Assistant Professor at the Duke University in Durham, the US."And already by six months, measurable aspects of their home environment predict how much of this early level of knowledge they have. There are clear follow-ups for potential intervention work with children who might be at risk for language delays or deficits," Bergelson added.The research team used eye-tracking software to flow the babies' gaze towards two pair of images, the first images related to each other like a foot and a hand, and an unrelated pair of images like a foot and a carton of milk. The results found that the babies' word knowledge correlated with the proportion of time they heard people talking about objects in their immediate surroundings.The researchers advised the parents to talk more in front of their babies because they listen and learn from whatever you say, even if it does not appear to be so.

  • Give your skin right detox post wedding season

    20.11.2017 | Wedding always brings a smile on your face and why not? After all, it also gives you a chance to shop till you drop. But have you ever realised that long hours of makeup, excessive consumption of oily food and sweets and lack of sleep can result in dull, parched skin that is easily acne prone and pigmented. So, this wedding season, be a little smart, say experts.Sangeeta Velaskar, Vice President and Head, Medical Services and R&D, Kaya Limited gives you some easy tips to put your beauty anxieties to rest:* Besides opting for a skin detox or a facial, it is crucial to take care of your skin as we embark on the winter season. Therefore, limit the use of makeup products as much as possible and opt for a clean, minimalistic look* Incorporate the basic regime of cleansing, toning and moisturizing* Once or twice a week, use a gentle exfoliator and massage your face in a slow, circular motion to ensure good blood circulation and remove dead skin cells* Moisturize your skin at all times and even when you go out, do not forget to apply sunscreen* If possible, incorporate a night time regimen that includes Vitamin C to renew face cells and restore skin elasticity* Use products that have ingredients such as marine extracts, tea tree oil and mulberry extracts. They are a rich source of proteins and a powerhouse of nutrients that reverse the effects of ageing* A good facial is of course, the perfect way to detox, restore and rejuvenate your skin whether you’re tired, run-down, stressed or in need of a quick fix* It is rightly said, that you are what you eat so consume lots of fruits, nuts and sprouts in your diet. Drink enough water to keep the body hydrated and include eat fruits and vegetables that have high water content such as watermelons, cucumbers, strawberries and peaches. If possible, drink at least one glass of vegetable juice to increase the fiber intakeAlso, Blatrix Marion, Eau Thermale Avène Sensitive Skin Expert, lists some easy detox tips to give a fresh start to your skin:* While cleansing should be a daily habit, you should prefer certain products when undertaking a skin detox: choose a soap-less and gentle formula.* Your skin needs a deep, exfoliating clean, but be very careful to be gentle! Choose a 3-in-1 mask-scrub is a clarifying clay that turns into a scrub to deeply cleanse and exfoliate the skin leaving the complexion fresh and matte.* Once a week indulge in a home spa ritual. Choose a quiet evening and get into the mood with nice soothing music and a cup of nettle tea. Do easy home masks with thermal spring water. It guarantees continuous and prolonged contact of water with skin, thus enabling skin to enjoy the water’s soothing and anti-irritating properties more rapidly and recover instant comfort and well being.* Use cotton wool pads soaked with thermal spring water placed gently over the eyes to prevent dryness from allergies or use of contact lenses* Use SPF based products to protect your skin from external aggressions* Always remember that ‘Less is More’. Your skin needing a detox means you should be using as less products as possible for some time. Also prefer products with gentle and minimum number of ingredients 

  • Sleepwalkers are better at automatic walking: Study

    29.10.2017 | Sleepwalkers are known to perform complex movements such as walking in the absence of full consciousness. This ability may translate into a multitasking advantage for sleepwalkers when they are awake over non-sleepwalkers, researchers have found.A new research using virtual reality (VR) has revealed significant differences in how the brains of sleepwalkers and non-sleepwalkers control and perceive body movement.The results of the study, published in the Journal Current Biology, indicated that sleepwalkers exhibit increased automation in their movements with respect to non-sleepwalkers. For the study, using a full-body motion capture suit in a room full of IR-tracking cameras sleepwalkers and non-sleepwalkers were asked to walk towards a target object -- a virtual cylinder. The subject was shown a life-size avatar that could truthfully replicate or deviate from the subject's actual trajectory in real-time.Participants could, therefore, be tricked into walking along a modified trajectory to compensate for the avatar deviation. Their walking speed and accuracy of movement along with their movement awareness were then recorded and analysed.

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  • Indulge In Zumba Dance To Stay Emotionally Fit
    Indulge In Zumba Dance To Stay Emotionally Fit

    02.12.2017 |Feeling drained out emotionally? Engage in Zumba dancing for five weeks as it may not only help you stay physically fit but also improve mental health and quality of life, a study has shown.Zumba is an exercise fitness programme which involves dance and aerobic movements performed to energetic music.The choreography incorporates hip-hop, soca, samba, salsa, merengue, and mambo. Squats and lunges are also included.In the study, published in the Health Education Journal, people with sedentary lifestyle participated in the five-week exercise programme based on the Zumba Fitness discipline. Zumba helped them improve their quality of life, especially the emotional aspect, which was recorded as the least in these participants. Quality of life is a broad concept comprising various aspects and is divided into eight dimensions: social, emotional, physical state, physical pain, physical functioning, vitality, mental health and general health."It is interesting to note that the emotional dimension, which was the one with the lowest values at the beginning, was the one with the highest values at the end of the exercise programme"Therefore, the one that experienced the greatest improvement," said lead researcher Yaira Barranco Ruiz, from the University of Granada (UGR) in Spain.Moreover, even two months after the intervention ended, most of the dimensions continued to maintain levels above those recorded at the beginning of the programme, the researchers said.

  • Infants Start Understanding Words at 6 Months: Study
    Infants Start Understanding Words at 6 Months: Study

    21.11.2017 |New parents must be having difficulty in handling the wails and tantrums of their babies at any hour of the day. But do you know that your baby has a proper understanding of what you want to convey?Despite the fact that the babies are unable to speak up themselves through words, six to nine-month-old babies posses an avid knowledge of your language, especially of food and body parts, reveals a new finding.The study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, stated that the babies can recognise more similar words like 'car and stroller' and the difference between less similar words like 'car and juices'."Even in the very early stages of comprehension, babies seem to know something about how words relate to each other," said Elika Bergelson, Assistant Professor at the Duke University in Durham, the US."And already by six months, measurable aspects of their home environment predict how much of this early level of knowledge they have. There are clear follow-ups for potential intervention work with children who might be at risk for language delays or deficits," Bergelson added.The research team used eye-tracking software to flow the babies' gaze towards two pair of images, the first images related to each other like a foot and a hand, and an unrelated pair of images like a foot and a carton of milk. The results found that the babies' word knowledge correlated with the proportion of time they heard people talking about objects in their immediate surroundings.The researchers advised the parents to talk more in front of their babies because they listen and learn from whatever you say, even if it does not appear to be so.

  • Give your skin right detox post wedding season
    Give your skin right detox post wedding season

    20.11.2017 |Wedding always brings a smile on your face and why not? After all, it also gives you a chance to shop till you drop. But have you ever realised that long hours of makeup, excessive consumption of oily food and sweets and lack of sleep can result in dull, parched skin that is easily acne prone and pigmented. So, this wedding season, be a little smart, say experts.Sangeeta Velaskar, Vice President and Head, Medical Services and R&D, Kaya Limited gives you some easy tips to put your beauty anxieties to rest:* Besides opting for a skin detox or a facial, it is crucial to take care of your skin as we embark on the winter season. Therefore, limit the use of makeup products as much as possible and opt for a clean, minimalistic look* Incorporate the basic regime of cleansing, toning and moisturizing* Once or twice a week, use a gentle exfoliator and massage your face in a slow, circular motion to ensure good blood circulation and remove dead skin cells* Moisturize your skin at all times and even when you go out, do not forget to apply sunscreen* If possible, incorporate a night time regimen that includes Vitamin C to renew face cells and restore skin elasticity* Use products that have ingredients such as marine extracts, tea tree oil and mulberry extracts. They are a rich source of proteins and a powerhouse of nutrients that reverse the effects of ageing* A good facial is of course, the perfect way to detox, restore and rejuvenate your skin whether you’re tired, run-down, stressed or in need of a quick fix* It is rightly said, that you are what you eat so consume lots of fruits, nuts and sprouts in your diet. Drink enough water to keep the body hydrated and include eat fruits and vegetables that have high water content such as watermelons, cucumbers, strawberries and peaches. If possible, drink at least one glass of vegetable juice to increase the fiber intakeAlso, Blatrix Marion, Eau Thermale Avène Sensitive Skin Expert, lists some easy detox tips to give a fresh start to your skin:* While cleansing should be a daily habit, you should prefer certain products when undertaking a skin detox: choose a soap-less and gentle formula.* Your skin needs a deep, exfoliating clean, but be very careful to be gentle! Choose a 3-in-1 mask-scrub is a clarifying clay that turns into a scrub to deeply cleanse and exfoliate the skin leaving the complexion fresh and matte.* Once a week indulge in a home spa ritual. Choose a quiet evening and get into the mood with nice soothing music and a cup of nettle tea. Do easy home masks with thermal spring water. It guarantees continuous and prolonged contact of water with skin, thus enabling skin to enjoy the water’s soothing and anti-irritating properties more rapidly and recover instant comfort and well being.* Use cotton wool pads soaked with thermal spring water placed gently over the eyes to prevent dryness from allergies or use of contact lenses* Use SPF based products to protect your skin from external aggressions* Always remember that ‘Less is More’. Your skin needing a detox means you should be using as less products as possible for some time. Also prefer products with gentle and minimum number of ingredients 

  • Sleepwalkers are better at automatic walking: Study
    Sleepwalkers are better at automatic walking: Study

    29.10.2017 |Sleepwalkers are known to perform complex movements such as walking in the absence of full consciousness. This ability may translate into a multitasking advantage for sleepwalkers when they are awake over non-sleepwalkers, researchers have found.A new research using virtual reality (VR) has revealed significant differences in how the brains of sleepwalkers and non-sleepwalkers control and perceive body movement.The results of the study, published in the Journal Current Biology, indicated that sleepwalkers exhibit increased automation in their movements with respect to non-sleepwalkers. For the study, using a full-body motion capture suit in a room full of IR-tracking cameras sleepwalkers and non-sleepwalkers were asked to walk towards a target object -- a virtual cylinder. The subject was shown a life-size avatar that could truthfully replicate or deviate from the subject's actual trajectory in real-time.Participants could, therefore, be tricked into walking along a modified trajectory to compensate for the avatar deviation. Their walking speed and accuracy of movement along with their movement awareness were then recorded and analysed.

  • Daring Designer Launches a Line Of Thong Jeans
    Daring Designer Launches a Line Of Thong Jeans

    21.10.2017 |Would you wear jeans which show your derriere? Japanese brand Thibaut has launched such unique denims.The launch is part of the brand's spring/summer 2018 collection, showcased at the Amazon Fashion Week in Tokyo, This week a pair of “thong jeans” was debuted at the Amazon Fashion Week in Tokyo, with all material cut away apart from the bare seams.Brand Thibaut unveiled the revealing denim garment as part of their Spring/Summer 2018 collection, with the model’s rear clearly visible on the catwalk.In addition to the barely-there jeans, the model completed the look with a pair of old trainers and a beige bodysuit — classic.Models walked the runway donning pairs of jeans that literally had the material ripped away, creating a denim thong effect that reveals the wearer's legs and buttocks.Adding to the unusual look, the models also wore beige bodysuits to cover their modesty in the barely-there jeans.

  • Bilingual kids may learn new language faster
    Bilingual kids may learn new language faster

    02.10.2017 |Children who are bilingual can be better and faster at learning additional languages later in life than their peers who are monolinguals from their early childhood, researchers say. The findings showed a significant difference in language learners’ brain patterns.When learning a new language, bilinguals rely more than monolinguals on the brain processes that people naturally use for their native language, the researchers said.“We also find that bilinguals appear to learn the new language more quickly than monolinguals,” said lead author Sarah Grey, assistant professor at the Fordham University in New York City.For the study, published in the journal Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, the team enrolled college students who grew up in the US with Mandarin-speaking parents, and learned both English and Mandarin at an early age.They were matched with monolingual college students, who spoke only English. The researchers studied Mandarin-English bilinguals because both of these languages differ structurally from the new language being learned. Both groups learnt to both speak and understand an artificial version of a Romance language, Brocanto.The researchers found clear bilingual or monolingual differences. By the end of the first day of training, the bilingual brains, but not the monolingual brains, showed a specific brain-wave pattern, termed the P600 — commonly found when native speakers process their language.In contrast, the monolinguals only began to exhibit P600 effects much later during learning — by the last day of training. Moreover, on the last day, the monolinguals showed an additional brain-wave pattern not usually found in native speakers of languages.“There has been a lot of debate about the value of early bilingual language education. Now, we have novel brain-based data that points towards a distinct language-learning benefit for people who grow up bilingual,” added Michael T. Ullman, professor at the Georgetown University in the US.

  • Blame your neurons if you feel sleepy when bored
    Blame your neurons if you feel sleepy when bored

    30.09.2017 |We often defy sleepiness and stay awake when attention is necessary, but also experience an inescapable desire to sleep in boring situations. Do you know why? According to a paper published in the journal Nature Communications, a part of the brain that is associated with motivation and pleasure — nucleus accumbens — can also produce sleep.Researchers based in Japan and China used chemo-genetic and optical techniques to remotely control the activities of nucleus accumbens neurons and the behaviour they lead to.As a result, the team discovered that nucleus accumbens neurons have an extremely strong ability to induce sleep that is indistinguishable from the major component of natural sleep, known as slow-wave sleep, as it is characterised by slow and high-voltage brain waves.“The classic somnogen adenosine is a strong candidate for evoking the sleep effect in the nucleus accumbens,” said lead author Yo Oishi on this project from the International Institute for Integrative Sleep Medicine at the University of Tsukuba, Japan.Adenosine has long been known to represent a state of relative energy deficiency and to induce sleep via adenosine receptors. A specific subtype of adenosine receptors, the A2A receptors, are densely expressed in the nucleus accumbens, researchers added.Caffeine, the most widely consumed psychostimulant in the world, produces its arousal effect also in the nucleus accumbens by blocking A2A receptors.The findings may open new therapeutic avenues for treating insomnia and other sleep disorders.Compounds that activate A2A receptors in the nucleus accumbens may open safe therapeutic avenues for treating insomnia, which is one of the most common sleep problems with an estimated prevalence of 10-15 per cent in the general population and 30-60 per cent in the older population.

  • Scientists decode secret to thriving in life
    Scientists decode secret to thriving in life

    09.09.2017 |Doing well in life, it seems, is not as difficult as we tend to assume when life throws a few tough challenges at us. A new study has found that what it takes to thrive, rather than merely survive, could be as simple as feeling good about life and yourself and being good at something.Until now and despite plenty of theories, there has been no agreement on what makes a person thrive or on how people can try and ensure they do.To come up with a definitive catch-all, the researchers pulled together research on what makes people thrive, from studies of babies and teenagers, to studies of artists, sportspeople, employees and the elderly."Thriving is a word most people would be glad to hear themselves described as, but which science hasn't really managed to consistently classify and describe until now," said Daniel Brown, a sport and exercise scientist at the University of Portsmouth in Britain."It appears to come down to an individual experiencing a sense of development, of getting better at something, and succeeding at mastering something," he added."In the simplest terms, what underpins it is feeling good about life and yourself and being good at something," Brown added.The study, published in the journal European Psychologist, outlines a 'shopping list' of requirements for thriving in life.According to the list one has to be optimistic, spiritual or religious, motivated, proactive, someone who enjoys learning and is flexible, adaptable, socially competent, believes in self/has self-esteem.Moreover, one should also have the opportunity and employer/family/other support. The other requirements in the list include challenges and difficulties are at manageable level, environment is calm, is given a high degree of autonomy and is trusted as competent.To thrive does not need all the components, but a combination of some from each of the two lists may help, the researchers said.Thriving has been examined at various stages of human life and has at times been described as vitality, learning, mental toughness, focus, or combinations of these and other qualities.It has also been examined in various contexts, including in the military, in health and in child development."Since the end of the 20th century, there has been a quest in science to better understand human fulfilment and thriving, there's been a shift towards wanting to understand how humans can function as highly as possible," Brown said."Part of the reason for a lack of consensus is the research so far has been narrowly focused. Some have studied what makes babies thrive, others have examined what makes some employees thrive and others not, and so on. By setting out a clear definition, I hope this helps set a course for future research," Brown added. 

  • Bold colours, capes: Work wear trends for women
    Bold colours, capes: Work wear trends for women

    29.08.2017 |The work wear trend for women today is bending a lot towards floral miniatures in bold colours, and interesting capes and jackets too, say experts.Shweta Sharma, Founder at lifestyle brands ombrelane.com and Sneha Mehta, Founder at kukoonthelabel.com, have listed work wear trends that could be looked at by the modern woman:* Incorporating prints into work wear has given an opportunity for the modern working woman to explore several prints and motifs that describe her. Prints can be easily incorporated into any occasion -- for a meeting it can be paired with a blazer and for an evening out it can be highlighted by a necklace.* Neutral and darker tones are not the only options available anymore. Invest in eternal pastels, but also of the bolder ones ranging from deep reds to natural greens.* Monotone blazers, solid flared pants, minimal, classic accessories are the way to go. There is nothing more crisp and classic than pairing white and black separates together. This combination can be a go-to look if you are running late and have no time to dress up.* Pencil skirts to ankle-length flared ones, paired with the right top and polished accessories, can be your Friday favourite.* Printed scarves in bright colours can instantly perk up your look. Keeping the entire look minimal and wearing solid colours will help you stand out. It's a great option for mid-week meetings.* Capes and long jackets are a great investment. Important meetings are to be dealt with looking powerful and the look should command attention. A smart cape is a fashion essential.

  • Workplace flexibility may boost women's careers post childbirth
    Workplace flexibility may boost women's careers post childbirth

    19.08.2017 |Providing flexibility to women at their workplace may help them to maintain their careers after childbirth, says a new research paper.The study highlights the fact that it is "the ability to take advantage of the opportunity to work flexibly that is most useful" in preventing women from dropping out of the labour market after having their first child.The study, led by Heejung Chung of the University of Kent's School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research, found that women who were able to use flexitime were only half as likely to reduce their hours after the birth of their child.The researchers observed that more than half of women in their study sample reduced their working hours after the birth of their child, while less than a quarter of women who were able to use flexitime reduced their hours.The study, published in the journal Human Relations, showed that it is the use of flexitime -- rather than perceived access to it -- that matters most. The researchers also found that "for mothers with new-borns, perceived access to flexitime in itself may not be enough to tackle the work-life balance demands they are faced with. The flexibility needs to be enacted to really make a difference".

  • Beat the period cramps with yoga
    Beat the period cramps with yoga

    19.08.2017 |Yoga can help solve the suffering that women with severe menstrual pain go through. Known as dysmenorrhea, it includes sharp, throbbing, burning, or nauseating cramps in the lower abdomen and back. Experts have suggested few yoga asanas or poses that could be your best friend during the hour of need.Yoga expert Deepak Jha, Medanta Hospital and Archana Dhawan Bajaj, Gynecologist and Obstetrician at Nurture IVF Centre, have listed a few suggestions:* Half bound squat: If the hips are stretched out properly, it helps the cramp a great deal. Bring your right hand up toward your lower back, hugging your armpit around that right knee. Lower your left arm around the lower back, trying to touch the fingers together. If they are close enough, hold your left wrist with your right hand, with the left palm facing behind you. Stay here for five deepbreaths.* Arching pigeon: Pigeon pose also opens your hips, but sometimes it feels better to work one side at a time. This variation will also stretch out the lower belly.Sit on the floor with your right knee bent and your left leg extended behind you. Place your hands on your hips, and gently arch your back. You should feel a nice stretch in the front of your left hip, but if this variation is painful, then lean forward, placing your hands on the floor in front of you. If you want more of a stretch, raise your arms in the air. Hold for five or more breaths, and then repeat this pose on the other side.* One armed camel: Stretching out your abs and the front of the hips can also relieve cramps.Stand on your shins so your knees are underneath your hips. Reach your right hand back, placing it on your right heel or on the mat behind your right toes. Extend your left arm in the air. Shift weight forward onto your knees to increase the stretch in your quads, belly, and chest. Lower your head behind you, and stay here for five breaths. Switch sides, holding for another five breaths, and then lift the torso up to release.* Wide child's pose: If you feel cramps in your lower back, then this pose is sure to offer relaxation and relief. Place your knees on the floor, widen them to a comfortable distance, and then fold forward, extending your arms in front of you. Rest your forehead on the mat or turn your head to one side, holding for five breaths. Turn your head to the other side for another five relaxing breaths.* Reclining twist: This helps in relaxing way to increase side-to-side spinal flexibility, which can also help relieve pain in the lower belly and lower back. Lie on your back, and cross your left knee over to the right side. Extend your arms out wide, gazing to the left. Hold here for at least five breaths, feeling your spine lengthen and twist. You may even hear some cracks. Use your abs to lift your knees back to center and repeat on the other side.* Menstrual cramps can also be prevented by massaging with essential oils, curling up with a heating pad, taking rest and if medication is required it must be under expert recommendation. However yoga can help in healing the pain and keeping you away from the emotional and physical stress. 

  • High-intensity exercise may help combat diabetes risk
    High-intensity exercise may help combat diabetes risk

    17.08.2017 |Indulging in high-intensity interval training may be an efficient, effective way of reducing the risk of developing diabetes, especially among women.Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose) and is characterised by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin. The findings showed that high-intensity interval training has the potential to decrease the levels of insulin and glucose in blood. This reduction was regardless of people's levels of insulin resistance -- a key warning sign for diabetes, said Mikel Izquierdo, professor at the Public University of Navarre (UPNA), spain. Higher insulin resistance means the body starts failing to respond to insulin -- a hormone which helps our bodies process glucose in muscles and liver, failure in which causes diabetes. The exercise sessions also brought about positive changes in cardiometabolic health metrics, the researchers said. For the study, published in the journal Frontiers in Physiology, the team recruited adult women who led a sedentary lifestyle and were at risk for Type-2 diabetes mellitus. These women underwent a 10-week programme of high-intensity interval training. More women in the higher-risk group saw benefits from the exercise programme, particularly when it came to their blood pressure and the levels of glucose and insulin found in their blood. Women in both groups lost weight and body fat after the exercise programme.Previous studies have shown that high-intensity interval training (or cardio) like running and walking, improved muscle protein content enhancing energetic functions and causing muscle enlargement, especially in older adults. 

  • Loss of smell could warn of Alzheimer's disease
    Loss of smell could warn of Alzheimer's disease

    17.08.2017 | Inability to distinguish between the smell of a lemon and petrol could point to the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, new research suggests.It is believed that the damage to brain associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) occurs up to 20 years before symptoms start showing. Scientists are therefore interested in finding ways to detect the presence of the disease early on. The findings, published in the journal Neurology, suggest that simple odour identification tests may help track the progression of the disease before symptoms actually appear, particularly among those at risk."Despite all the research in the area, no effective treatment has yet been found for AD," said one of the study authors John Breitner of McGill University in Canada."But, if we can delay the onset of symptoms by just five years, we should be able to reduce the prevalence and severity of these symptoms by more than 50 per cent," Breitner said.Close to 300 people with an average age of 63 who are at risk of developing AD because they had a parent who had suffered from the disease, were asked to take multiple choice scratch-and-sniff tests to identify scents as varied as bubble gum, gasoline or the smell of a lemon.One hundred of them also volunteered to have regular lumbar punctures to measure the quantities of various AD-related proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).The researchers found that those with the most difficulty in identifying odours were those in whom other, purely biological indicators of AD, were most evident."This is the first time that anyone has been able to show clearly that the loss of the ability to identify smells is correlated with biological markers indicating the advance of the disease," said Marie-Elyse Lafaille-Magnan, a doctoral student at McGill and the first author on the study. "For more than 30 years, scientists have been exploring the connection between memory loss and the difficulty that patients may have in identifying different odours," she said."This makes sense because it is known that the olfactory bulb (involved with the sense of smell) and the entorhinal cortex (involved with memory and naming of odours) are among the first brain structures first to be affected by the disease," Lafaille-Magnan added.

  • Deep sleep reinforces learning of motor skills: Study
    Deep sleep reinforces learning of motor skills: Study

    14.08.2017 | Neuroscientists at the University of California here have discovered that the animal brain reinforces motor skills during deep sleep.In a study published in Nature Neuroscience on Sunday, the researchers found that during non-rapid eye movement, or non-REM, sleep, slow brain waves bolster neural touchpoints that are directly related to a task that was newly learned while awake,Led by Karunesh Ganguly, associate professor of neurology at UCSF, the team implanted electrodes in the motor region of rats' brains to send electrical signals to a computer, which then drove movement of a detached mechanical device, in a system known as a brain-machine interface (BMI).Tanuj Gulati, a postdoctoral scholar and lead author of the study, explained that a particular neuron may normally be devoted to controlling a limb, but a new relationship of that neuron could be created with an external device. The redirected neuron, in this case, will contribute to controlling the external device, and the researchers can track the activity of this neuron to see how the brain integrates this new association.Gulati and huscolleagues connected neurons in rat brains to implanted electrodes, which controlled a mechanical water-spout. The source of water was behind a tiny door facing away from the mice. Because the spout faced away, the rats had to learn to use a computer-driven mechanism to move it toward them. As the rats explored several strategies to control the spout, they sometimes activated neurons adjacent to the electrodes. When the proper neurons were activated, the computer moved the water-spout."Eventually the rats learn to delink actual movements from the spout - they know they don't really need to flinch their arm or do anything to make it move," Gulati said. "All they have to do is volitionally control the pipe and it will come to them."The researchers noticed that once rats got the hang of the task while awake, certain neural patterns kept "replaying" during sleep. And these same patterns persisted after the rats woke up, which led over time to improvements in the rats' performance on the task.The findings could lead to new medical stimulation devices, and consumer-driven wearable devices, or "electroceuticals", which stimulate brain cells and improve learning as people snooze. 

  • Get your teeth wedding ready
    Get your teeth wedding ready

    11.08.2017 | From the embroidery work that goes on the wedding dress to the crockery used to serve the guests, the D-day invites perfection in even the most little things. The pearl white smile of the blushing bride is one such detail that needs to be perfect and experts suggests how.Priyanka Goyat from Rejove Clinique and Somvir Singh from Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, share tips on how one can make the day even more special with perfect teeth.* Avoid staining elements -- Cut back the consumption of deeply pigmented beverages like soda, coffee and tea and some foods like blueberries, cherries, and soy sauce as these are the ones -- along with alcohol and cigarettes -- responsible for enamel thinning, and making the teeth more susceptible to stains. If you can't completely avoid staining beverages from your diet, either try having them with straw or get your teeth clinically cleaned every three months. * Go well with the water intake -- Increasing water intake at least one month prior to the wedding will not only make your face glow but will also let your teeth sparkle to their fullest on D-day. Even on D-day, staying well hydrated will keep your lips and mouth all moistened up, easing it out for you to smile. Good water consumption will not only save you from chapped lips but will also keep your lipstick fresh all day long. * Take good care of dental regimen -- Whether or not you opt to go with the teeth whitening treatments to enhance your smile, it's important to keep up with proper care of the teeth. This includes daily routine like brushing at least twice a day with proper rinsing, and flossing. Of course, your daily routine would be a hectic one even months before the special day. Still, you shouldn't skip the routine dental check-ups and teeth cleanings if you wish to have a healthy white smile on your wedding day. * Sparkle with the jewel -- To add that extra wow element to the wedding clicks, spend some bucks and get the precisely cut and polished Swarovski tooth crystal work done on your teeth. The placement of these mini stain resistant jewels is similar to placing braces on teeth. So, to get those extra likes for your D-day snaps, gear up to get this beautiful work done from the nearest dental clinic.Remember: It's your big day, and being the star of the show it's important to be the beautiful blushing bride dazzling with the perfect white smile. 

  • Fat shaming doctors may harm obese people mentally, physically
    Fat shaming doctors may harm obese people mentally, physically

    07.08.2017 |Fat shaming done by health care providers can take a toll on overweight people's physical health and well-being, according to a study.The findings showed that obese people often fall victims to medical discrimination by doctors in the form of disrespectful treatment, lectures about weight loss, embarrassing comments, and a less thorough examination."Disrespectful treatment and medical fat shaming, in an attempt to motivate people to change their behaviour, is stressful and can cause patients to delay health care seeking or avoid interacting with providers," said Joan Chrisler, professor at the Connecticut College, US.Further, overweight people often get excluded from medical research based on assumptions about their health status, meaning the standard dosage for drugs may not be appropriate for larger body sizes."Research has shown that doctors repeatedly advise weight loss for fat patients while recommending CAT scans, blood work or physical therapy for other, average weight patient," Chrisler said.In some cases, doctors also do not take fat patients' complaints seriously or assume that their weight is the cause of any symptoms they experience."Thus, they jump to conclusions or fail to run appropriate tests, which results in misdiagnosis," Chrisler rued while presenting the results at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association in Washington D.C.Weight stigma also leads to psychological stress, which can lead to poor physical and psychological health outcomes for obese people.In addition, negative attitudes among medical providers can also cause psychological stress in obese patients."Implicit attitudes might be experienced by patients as micro-aggressions -- for example, a provider's apparent reluctance to touch a fat patient, or a headshake, wince or 'tsk' while noting the patient's weight in the chart," Chrisler said."Micro-aggressions are stressful over time and can contribute to the felt experience of stigmatisation," she noted.Treatments should focus on mental and physical health as the desired outcomes for therapy, and not on weight, the researchers said. 

  • Buy home-made sweets, handicrafts for festive gifting
    Buy home-made sweets, handicrafts for festive gifting

    07.08.2017 | Different kind of sweets and unique handicrafts can give the occasion of Rakshabandhan on Monday a more personal touch. A combination of bal mithai from Uttarakhand and a handcrafted pair of leather juttis with tilla embroidery can make your gifts more unique.Experts at SaleBhai.com and Jaypore.com have listed out few sweets and handicrafts for that extra touch: * Bal mithai from Mussoorie, Uttarakhand: It is the most popular sweet from Uttarakhand, especially from Almora and Mussoorie. It is a brown chocolate-like fudge, made with roasted khoya, desi ghee, poppy seeds, and sugar. It goes back to the 7th century AD when it first came from Nepal into Kumaon in Central Himalaya. The unique factor of this sweet is that it is cooked for so long that the khoya achieves the chocolate-like colour and fudge-like consistency, and then coated with poppy seeds to give a one-of-a-kind look.* A handmade brass cuff consisting of natural stones: A blue chalcedony gold-plated brass cuff would be a unique piece of jewellery to gift.* Tirunelveli halwa from Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu: This South Indian halwa is a speciality of Tirunelveli. The sweet was first made in the mid-1800s, and has now spread to the rest of the state and well beyond. Besides the regular wheat, cashew nuts and sugar, it also uses pure cow ghee and water from Thamirabharani river - which originates from the famous Agastyarkoodam peak. * Handcrafted leather juttis with tilla embroidery would be a gift teamed with comfort and style. * Halwasan from Khambat, Gujarat: Another West Indian delicacy, halwasan or halvasan is a speciality from the town of Khambat in Gujarat. The origin of this sweet goes back more than 100 years and was known as the king of sweets in Cambay, as the town was known back then. Made from wheat, milk, sugar, and dry fruits, it has a chewy, granular texture and has a pretty golden-brown hue.* Khari printed kalidar cotton kurta for comfort dressing is a must have. The block prints give an ethnic touch for the festivities.* Karapak mango jalbhara sandesh from Kolkata, West Bengal: It is a modern variation of the age-old sandesh sweet. This unique three-ingredient treat combines the sweetness of sandesh and freshness of mango. Made with cottage cheese and sugar, with mango jam for a filling, it is shaped just like the king of fruits with a luscious yellow hue. * Brass jhumkis: The gold tone jhumkis complete the look when paired along with a beautiful kurta and pretty juttis. A pink gold tone jhumkis made of brass can be a colour combination worth buying. 

  • Re-use bridalwear and opt for matte lipstick on Rakhi
    Re-use bridalwear and opt for matte lipstick on Rakhi

    01.08.2017 |Opt for bright coloured attires or re-use your wedding dress without looking over-the-top on the occasion of Rakhi on August 8, suggest experts.Make-up artist Aashmeen Munjaal and fashion designer Anuradha Ramam have listed few ways to add glamour to your look:* Go for bright colours like royal blue, parrot green, dark maroon, red and fuchsia pink.* A bling kurta and chudidar with a bandhani dupatta look good. Accessorise with big jhumki earings and have light make-up. * For the Indo-western look pair a bling top with an ethnic printed silk skirt. The dupatta is optional.* For the western feel with a touch of ethnic wear, a long flowy gown in ikat and mangalgiri can be a good choice. Finish the look with ethnic jhumkas and rustic silver neckpiece.* A bridal attire can be easily re-used by putting in some simple changes:Wear the blouse with a plain georgette or chiffon sari in a contrast colour. This will balance the heavy blouse. If the blouse is a corset then it can be paired with a long flowy in goergette or chiffon with a thick border for functions in the day or the evening. Accessorise with a party clutch. The dupatta can be worn with a simple suit with a simple border. Accessorise with a classic watch and a party clutch. The dupatta can be worn with a short tunic paired with palazzo pants. The lehenga can be worn with a plain raw silk blouse or corset of the contrast colour. The dupatta should have minimal embroidery subtle the lehnga. Wear minimal jewellery and carry a party clutch to complete the look.* Make your eyes pop with a blue kajal applied on both the upper and lower lashline and skip the eyeshadow all together. But go for a smudge proof kajal because this hot and humid weather can spoil the look.* Swipe a hint of peach blush on the cheek bones for a natural looking flush and avoid the pink blush altogether. As a general rule, always go for warmer shades of blush for a more natural looking finish.* Don't forget to fill the lips with a nice lipstick shade. Opt for nude shades. Dab a little balm on the lips if they are dry or cracked. Slick on a layer of gloss to help the colour last for long. Apply matte orange or light pink lipstick.

  • Pack right tools before travelling during monsoon
    Pack right tools before travelling during monsoon

    29.07.2017 |Before going on a trip during rainy season, it is important to carry the right tools and instruments to save your belongings like cellphone and wallet from drenching. Carry zip lock bags, umbrellas, mosquito repellents and waterproof backpacks, suggest experts.Narayana Menon K, co-founder at Wandertrails, an online platform enabling discovery and booking of experiences, has listed a few necessary items:* Arm yourself with an umbrella or raincoat. A waterproof backpack is a must-have.* Always carry a zip lock bag. It is good to keep the wallet and other expensive belongings safe as well like the smartphone and maybe other equipments like camera and lenses.* It is the season when mosquito-borne diseases are rampant with stagnant puddles and blocked drains everywhere. Carry mosquito repellents, creams or a mosquito net for night time. * It is best to carry own water, otherwise, drink only boiled water. The same goes for food, don't eat from just anywhere. Street food is extremely difficult to say not to, at least make sure it is covered.* Carry light synthetic clothes that will dry easily. * Floaters and sandals are the best options in terms of footwear.-*-Inputs from Aloke Bajpai, CEO at ixigo, travel search engine: * Having street food during the rainy season can be very unhygienic. Carry sachets of herbal teas and packaged food. Also, don't drink water from unsealed bottles or the regular running tap.* Always carry a first-aid box in case of an emergency. The probability of catching cold and falling sick during the rainy season is more than during any other time of the year. * If planning to visit a new destination, always know how you can get help if stranded - the intensity of rain that the region receives, and emergency contact information of the local authorities. It is advisable to make reservations beforehand to ensure a safe journey.* Chances of a power outage during a rainy day are more as compared to normal days. To keep phone active, it's important to carry a power bank all the time.* As it might get dark early, keep a flashlight. Don't rely on the phone's flashlight.* It's good to carry some extra plastic bags to keep electronics safe. They can also be used to keep wet clothes and food items.

  • Poor sleep may make you fat, raise diabetes risk
    Poor sleep may make you fat, raise diabetes risk

    28.07.2017 |Are you deprived of proper sleep at night? Beware, you are more likely to be overweight and also at risk of developing diabetes, a new study has warned.The findings showed that people who were sleeping an average of six hours a night had a waist measurement that was 3 cm greater than individuals who were getting nine hours of sleep a night. People with shorter sleep were also heavier.The results strengthen the evidence that insufficient sleep could contribute to the development of metabolic diseases such as diabetes, the researchers said."The number of people with obesity worldwide has more than doubled since 1980. Obesity contributes to the development of many diseases, most notably Type 2 diabetes. Understanding why people gain weight has crucial implications for public health," said Greg Potter from the University of Leeds, UK. For the study, detailed in the journal PLOS ONE, the team involved 1,615 adults who reported how long they slept and kept records of food intake. Further, people with shorter sleep duration also had a decrease in the levels of HDL cholesterol -- also known as good cholesterol -- which helps remove 'bad' fat from the circulation and protect against conditions such as heart disease."Because we found that adults who reported sleeping less than their peers were more likely to be overweight or obese, our findings highlight the importance of getting enough sleep. How much sleep we need differs between people, but the current consensus is that seven to nine hours is best for most adults," said Laura Hardie, a reader at the varsity.

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